Data represents an increase of 83% in the number of cases compared to the same period in 2018
A period of heavy rainfall between February and May in the province of Ceara may be one of the reasons for an increase in meningitis in 2019. By June 29, 210 cases were reported across the country, 22 deaths, according to the epidemiological bulletin issued by the State Department of Health (Sesa).
The data represents an increase of 83% in the number of cases compared to the same period in 2018. In Fortaleza, the numbers attract attention, twelve men have died of meningitis in 97 cases.
In 2018, the age group most affected by meningococcal disease was 10 to 14 years (25%) and 20-29 years (25%), and deaths were more frequent in the age group of 40 to 59 years (100%). ). Already this year the age groups with the highest values are from 5 to 9 years (28.6%) and from 20 to 29 years (28.6%), and the mortality rates are higher in the age groups 5 to 9 years and 40 to 49 years.
According to Sara Mendes, Supervisor of Sesa's Epidemiological Monitoring Center, "airborne diseases have a higher risk of contracting in rainy season than was the case in Seara at this first stage of the year. So it may be a fact that may be related to this increase. "
Sesa's epidemiological bulletin shows that the cases relate to two etiologies of the disease: meningococci transmitted by bacteria and other meningitis that arise from viruses and fungi. This last type is the cause of 13 deaths in the state.
Meningocus meningitis is the most dangerous and, according to Sarah, is of meningitis that is of great epidemiological significance. "Meningococcal meningitis is the most serious and with the highest mortality potential. When there is a confirmed case, it is necessary to make a drug blockade for people who have had contact with the infected person, as the level of infection is very high, he says.
However, according to Sarah, in order to trace a real and specific reason for this increase in the cases, it is necessary to carry out an in-depth study and analysis of the risk factors. "It is worth mentioning that the scenario is endemic, the disease is behaving in a standard way, but we perceive increased incidence and vigilance working to develop prevention and control strategies, at which point people have to look for health units to vaccinate children. have doses of the vaccine, "he adds.
21-year-old Mariana Lima begins to experience symptoms of flu, headache, fever in the body and, as usual, resorts to self-healing. By the days, body temperature was over 40 °, then decided to go to the doctor. "I went to a hospital, and the day physician assigned me acetaminophen and ninleggine for 3/3 hours, with or without fever, did not help, I was weak every day, and I started to visit hospitals more and more." "He remembers.
High temperature, vomiting with blood, bleeding from the nose and ear and stiffness of the neck caused Mariana to go to a general practitioner to indicate her cousin. Then he had a correct diagnosis of meningitis.
According to infectious physician and professor at the Federal University of Ceara (UFC), Anastasio Keiroz, a quick and accurate diagnosis can save lives. There are several types of meningitis infection. It is often difficult to confirm the exact source of contamination, not always by bacteria. The most important thing is always to make the diagnosis as early as possible and the family is crucial at this point to describe the symptoms because if it is bacterial, treatment avoids death and the consequences, "he explains.
Although the disease affects people of all ages, children are the main victims. However, according to Queiroz, vaccination is still the best method of disease protection. "In the rain, it is very common for people to become overcrowded to stay home, which is not interesting, as meningitis can be transmitted from person to person through air, coughing, sneezing." Avoiding closed objects is also a method of prevention.
Sesa warns the population that it is vital for parents to keep the vaccine for children up to date. Adults who have lost their vaccination cards may look for the closest health facility. "Every case is a case and should be evaluated by a doctor." People with respiratory problems and special health conditions are on the list of priorities to take the vaccine against meningitis, says Sarah. "All monitoring and monitoring actions are taken and all cases are investigate. "
Meningitis is an inflammatory process of lethomening, which can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or non-infectious agents. Those of infectious origin, mainly caused by bacteria, are most important for public health, the degree of emergence and the potential for outbreaks. (Статично съдържание)