Thus, the number of deaths in this case has doubled since 1990, making skin cancer a real public health problem. Although this data is worrying, skin cancer has one of the highest rates of healing if detected early. In Romania, the statistics are worrying because the survival rate of patients with skin cancer is only 60% (in cases of serious cancer). Romanian patients presented themselves to a dermatologist at an advanced stage of the disease, while in Western Europe and the United States, even if the incidence was higher, the survival rate was also much higher because of a program to prevent skin screening and biopsy.
Prevention, the best chance for life
90% of Romanian people are not even aware of skin carcinoma (skin cancer), according to a study by the Dr. Foundation. Leventer for Skin Health, but these statistics can be changed by an annual skin examination and self-examination. monthly. "Skin disease is the fourth leading cause of disability in the world. Among the most common diseases are skin carcinoma, psoriasis, warts, zits, atopic dermatitis and seborrheic dermatitis and skin mycosis. 20% of diseases occupy 80% during consultation. But we have "80% of rare diagnoses require a lot of experience," said dermatologist Gabriela Dodan.
Specialists show that both skin screening and biopsy is needed to diagnose dermatological disorders appropriately, because in dermatology there are more than 3,000 diagnoses with the same 5 clinical signs. For example, in its onset phase, melanoma is very similar to an existing mole on the skin, so the risk of the tumor is not recognized and passes the examination and treatment. For mosquitoes above 10 square meters, present at birth, the risk of melanoma is about 450 times higher than the general population. In people with more than 100 moles, the risk is seven times higher than those who have less than 15 moles. Other factors that can increase the number of new moles and the appearance of melanomas include exposure to sunlight or artificial UV light in tanning salons.
Most dermatological conditions are found by patients, and doctors recommend regular skin checks. This can be done by the patient or by a doctor through skin examination. The consultation involves an examination by a dermatologist, accompanied by a series of questions about the patient's medical history. During the consultation, the whole body is examined with a dermatoscope. This magnifying glass helps the doctor to see the structure of the skin. Dermatologists can take pictures to monitor certain lesions in future consultations. Generally, full skin control lasts between 10 and 20 minutes, and biopsy is the only procedure that provides a safe and very important diagnosis in dermatological diagnosis and especially in skin cancer. "A skin biopsy is needed to diagnose most dermatological conditions. With this procedure, the doctor harvests a piece of tissue and sends it to the lab, where he is studied by a dermatologist on a microscope. If it turns out to be cancerous, the shed portion of the skin will provide information about the stages, and if it proves to be another dermatological condition, it will establish an appropriate treatment plan, "explained Dr. Anca Stanciu, a dermatologist.
In the last decade (2008-2018), the number of melanomas diagnosed each year increased by 53% globally.
"Every mole that appears after the age of 25 is suspect and needs regular control. Periodic control is the most important way to diagnose tumors at an early stage when it is still curable. We have to do skin screening as we do annual blood tests or maybe more often, the same category is part of a biopsy, which although it sounds scary, is only a trivial analysis, but can save your life.This is, in fact, a small movement, for a very large benefit. "(Dr. Mihaela Leventer, dermatologist)