Several potential risk factors have been identified in diabetes as well as the factors that trigger this disease.
Not yet known exactly what causes type 1 diabetes. But it is considered that the risk is slightly increased in people with relatives affected by this disease. Environmental factors and exposure to certain viral infections are also associated with the risk of type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes includes several risk factors, including:
Hereditary Factor: History of Diabetes in the Family. Individuals with family members with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk for developing the same disease.
Unhealthy Diet: When we eat too much refined carbohydrates (white bread, pasta, cakes, cakes or juices) and saturated fats, but too little fruit and vegetables increase weight and thus increase the risk of diabetes.
Sedentary and Weight: Research shows that 30 minutes of moderate movement is enough for one day for 5 days a week to stay healthy and reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes.
Between 65 and 80% of new cases of type 2 diabetes are associated with individuals who are overweight or obese. This risk is related to the age at which accumulation of excess weight and duration of obesity begins, and accumulation of weight during adulthood.
And reducing birth weight is a possible indicator of risk in the development of type 2 diabetes.
Age: The older, the higher the risk of diabetes. However, type 2 diabetes increases in all age groups and is often found even in children and adolescents.
Changes in glucose tolerance (prediabetes): The body does not respond adequately to insulin secretion, and blood glucose levels cannot be maintained within normal limits.
Gestational Diabetes: Women who have pregnancy-induced diabetes are at an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes is also associated with an increased risk of obesity and abnormal glucose metabolism in children resulting from the pregnancy.
And socio-economic factors contribute to the development of diabetes and its complications due to living conditions that encourage unhealthy diet choices.
"Diabetics are people who set not only care, they also help with advice on how to adopt a way of life that will control disease. People with type 2 diabetes, after being diagnosed, enter a strict follow-up program established by diabetes experts. Education therapeutic support from diabetes educators with information on diet, the importance of physical effort, glycemic monitoring, information and education about the use of glycemic monitoring devices and injection devices for therapy is very important. At the same time, all information received from diabetes doctors regarding additional investigations, biological balance, cardiology, neurology, eye control, a thorough examination of the feet, entered the first examination of newly diagnosed diabetic patients, said Dr. Gabriela Ileana Creteanu, head of the Suceava County Anti-Diabetes Center at the Regional Hospital for Emergency of St. John the New in Suceava.
For all who are interested, specialists at the Suceava District Anti-diabetic Center at St. Regional Emergency Hospital John the New in Suceava, together with the Federation of Diabetes Associations in Romania, organizes on Monday, November 12, 2018, from 11 to 14 in regional hospital halls, free blood glucose testing campaigns along with risk assessments and specific advice on healthy nutrition or management diabetes right with family.