For the first time in three years, North Korea did not appear at the bottom of the Freedom of the Press Reporters Without Borders report. As in the past year, Norway is at the top of the list, followed by Finland and Sweden. While the Netherlands withdrew to three places, Silvi Arens-Urbanic, head of the Reporters Without Borders contact group, considered an indicator of harassment even in countries where the press was considered ideal. – he said. "More attention should be paid to avoiding such a negative trend in countries with good press freedom," she said.
"Climate of Fear"
"It can generally be said that the working environment of journalists is getting worse all over the world," Urbanic says. "We are now talking about the climate of fear, especially the growing verbal incitement against journalists, a global phenomenon, but especially in Europe and the United States," she said.
Reporters Without Borders reported about twenty-two physical attacks by journalists in Germany last year: "We still remember demonstrations in the city of Kinnitsz, where journalists have been subjected to verbal and physical attacks," Orbianik said. A wide range, for example, by breaking the camera. "During the evaluation, which included a detailed questionnaire and data on such attacks against journalists, Germany again marked a relative decline.
Silvi Arens-Urbanic, Head of Contact Group at Reporters Without Borders
Germany has advanced, but?
Although Germany is second in the new classification and its decisions are already 13th, this is mainly due to the decline in press freedom in other countries. Among them Austria, which fell five places to 16th due to the presence of the Austrian right-wing FPÖ party in the government, which puts pressure on journalists there. Last September, the interior ministry, whose portfolio is headed by Herbert Kekel, leader of the Austrian Freedom Party, issued instructions to reduce communication with some media critical of the government. The situation is not very different in Hungary, which fell by 14 positions and this year it ranked at 87. Bulgaria is the only country in the European Union, ranking worse than Hungary, taking 111th place.
Detention and murder
By contrast, the EU's press freedom index is very clear for Malta, with 12 seats down by 77, and Slovakia – eight places to 35th in the list of 180 countries. In Malta, there has been no progress in investigating the murder of a journalist and Maltese activist against public corruption cases, Daphne Carouana Galicia, who was murdered in October 2017. Slovakia was also the scene of a journalist's assassination in February 2018, correspondent Jan Kuchak and his fiancé Martina Kusanova. Investigators have received a murder admission, and there are three other suspects in custody, including an influential businessman, the journalist Kukaik has uncovered his suspicious practices. But Sylvie Arnnes Rebecca Rebecca's Reporter Without Borders does not see enough follow-up action. "Things are not going well," she said. "We are not happy with tracking the case this way."
Maltese journalist Daphne Carouana Galicia and Slovakian journalist Jan Kuchiq were killed for journalism
World Press Freedom Report 2019
Another journalist murder attracted much attention in the world last year, the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Hashohi. Because of his constant criticism of the regime and the fear of its consequences, Hashoggi sought refuge abroad, and when he was forced to retrieve some personal documents from the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, he was killed inside. This is another reason for Saudi Arabia to lose three more places in the current index of press freedom and decisions this year in rank 172.
The situation in Turkey, which was trying to reveal the circumstances after Khashoggi's death, remains difficult. "Turkey is the country where most journalists and journalists are still closed for their work," Urbanic says. Turkey ranks 157th.
The worst retreat in the freedom of the press in 33 centers was registered in the Central African Republic this year: "Since the end of the civil war, the country has been unlawful," Urbanik said. "It is hard for local journalists to work because they are barely protected." The murder of three Russian journalists is a negative factor in the classification, with the country already in 145th place.
Tunisia continues to progress
While Saudi Arabia dropped three positions in the Press Freedom Index to come this year under number 172, Tunis has continued to list Arab countries in the world press freedom list since 2019 and has achieved a remarkable jump this year by 25 points to a 72- place. Arab countriesregulation, Which includes 180 countries, as follows:
Rank: 94 Mauritania
Rank: 101 Lebanon
Rank: 108 Kuwait
Rank: 128 Qatar
Location: 130 Jordan
Rank: 132 Oman
Rank: 133 United Arab Emirates
Rank: 135 Morocco
Rank: 137 Palestinian Territories
Rank: 139 South Sudan
Rank: 141 Algeria
Rank: 156 Iraq
Rank: 162 Libya
Rank: 163 Egypt
Rank: 167 Bahrain
Rank: 168 Yemen
Rank: 172 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Rank: 174 Syria
Rank: 175 Sudan
David El. M