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Africa invited to reduce inequalities of all kinds

April 22, 2019

Marrakesh, Morocco, April 22 (Infosplusgabon) – Participants in the fifth African Regional Sustainable Development Forum called on the continent to reduce inequalities of any kind that undermine the attainment of sustainable development goals at the end of the term. a three-day meeting in Marrakech, Morocco.

Building on the Sustainable Development Report in Africa 2019, the synthesis of which was presented at this forum, the participants regretted the continuing inequalities of any kind that hindered the achievement of the TDC and called for all appropriate strategies to reduce them .

"Income and wealth inequalities, access to health and education and African performance have expanded as African countries have achieved relatively high rates of economic growth over the past 25 years. There are significant income inequalities at regional, national, international, community and household levels, "the report said.

In addition, it is important not only to examine the overall growth rates but also how this growth is achieved as growth sources can have a significant impact on poverty reduction.

Growth in Africa is largely due to capital-intensive exports of raw materials, which favors instability, often away from inclusive growth, which has little impact on employment and poverty. Thus, the report notes, Africa is generally suffering from high levels of unemployment, incomplete employment and vulnerable jobs.

Opportunities for quality education and participation in income-generating economic activities are improving very slowly, limiting income growth for the most vulnerable population groups.

Progress towards Objective 10 depends on progress towards other objectives, namely Objective 1 on poverty, Objective 2 for hunger, Health objective 3 and Goal 4 for quality education. Similarly, it is claimed that progress towards Objective 10 has a positive impact on the achievement of the other objectives.

Unfortunately, Africa is one of the most disadvantaged regions in the world. Estimated using the Gini coefficient, income inequality in Africa, with the exception of North Africa, is around 0.43 in 2011

The continent is home to 7 of the 10 most disadvantaged countries in the world, and the human development index falls by 33% if inequality is taken into account.

In 2013, the share of people living in extreme poverty (ie, income from less than $ 1.90 per day) is estimated at 34.8%.

Regional disparities are as follows: "In Central Africa, extreme poverty is estimated at 54% against 43.3% in West Africa, 41% in East Africa, and 17.7% in Africa. South Africa and only 2.7% in North Africa. The poverty gap, which measures the income gap between poverty and poverty, is estimated at 13.5% in 2013. "

According to experts, the widening of inequality hinders progress in the eradication of poverty, global and regional prosperity, peace and security, social cohesion and human development. Household inequalities mean that children and women are most affected by poverty. Thus, almost half (49%) of children in Africa, outside North Africa, live in extreme poverty.

Speaking about growth, the report notes that incomes for the poorest are slowly improving, and social protection systems are weak.

At least two African countries (Burkina Faso and Namibia) report an increase of over 5% of the incomes of the poorest 40% of the population in 2012-2016.

However, four countries reported negative revenue growth for this group: South Africa (-1.3%), Niger (-0.06%), Uganda (-2.2%) and Zambia (-0.6%).

Social protection systems support very few people: in 2015, only 5% of the unemployed in Africa received cash benefits compared to 22% in the world.

It is regrettable that at a legal level, several countries have at least one discriminatory law in their legal framework despite the progress made in recent years.

The report reveals that inequalities are manifested in differences in access to social services beyond income and wealth.

In 2015, only 43% of the rural population in Africa, with the exception of North Africa, had access to drinking water, compared with 82% of the urban population. Similarly, only 37% of the rural population has access to electricity compared to 88% in North Africa.

Convened by the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and its partners on Empowering People and Ensuring Inclusion and Equality, the fifth FRADD, held in Marrakesh from 16 to 18 April, aimed at progressing towards the objectives of the Sustainable Development Program of 2030 and the objectives set out in the Africa Program 2063.


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