China has joined the international community to provide material assistance and technical assistance to Africa, as the continent is facing the phenomenon of forced displacement of its people.
In recent years, China has stepped up its efforts to help African refugees and internally displaced persons, whose numbers continue to grow due to regional conflicts, poverty and climate change.
To date, the number of forced displaced persons has reached its highest level in history – about 68.5 million, according to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
Africa hosts nearly a third of the world's refugees and internally displaced persons, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterresh said last Sunday at the 32nd regular session of the Assembly of the African Union (UA) on "The Year of Refugees, Returning and Displaced Persons: Towards Sustainable Solutions to Forced Deployment in Africa ".
In most cases, refugees seek shelter in neighboring countries because of riots in their countries of origin, whether because of terrorism in the Sahel countries or tribal conflicts or even wars in the Democratic Republic. Congo (DRC) and Central African Republic (CAR).
In addition, recurring droughts in the Horn of Africa are expected to lead to a further crisis of forced displacement, given the low capacity of host countries.
"It is important to deal more closely with the causes of the phenomenon (forced displacement)," said Chairman of the Association Committee Musa Faki Mahamat at the 32nd Summit of the Pan-African Organization last Sunday.
There is, however, a consensus in Africa that African countries must reach both traditional and new allies while seeking a lasting solution to this scourge.
CHINA IN ACTION
In cooperation with international organizations such as UNHCR, the World Food Program (WFP) and the major developed countries, developing countries such as China are redoubling their efforts to eliminate the difficulties faced by refugees and internally displaced people in Africa.
In recent years, China has donated food and provided vocational training to victims of forced displacement to be self-dependent.
In June 2017, for example, the Chinese government gave WFP $ 5 million to buy 9,000 tons of grain from around 420,000 refugees living in Dadaab and Kakuma camps in Kenya.
These new contributions from China and other countries have allowed WFP to resume full rations for four months after more than a year of reductions due to a shortage of funds.
"I thank China for the generous donation, which will allow MSP to give us more food and make our lives a little easier," said Caesar Oculo Unu, a refugee from Uganda who is preparing for food aid.
China has been actively involved in humanitarian interventions in Somalia, where decades of conflict and repeated drought have led the Somalis to leave their homes.
In April 2017, China donated $ 10 million through WFP to provide emergency food aid to more than 200,000 people in Somalia.
China has also provided food aid and financial support to facilitate the resettlement of refugees living in Uganda, many of which come from neighboring South Sudan and the DRC.
PROMOTING AUTONOMY OF VULNERABLE
In May 2018, the Chinese government provided emergency food aid of $ 5 million to drought-affected communities in the Karamoja region in northeastern Uganda. One month later, China granted $ 500,000 to resettle refugees.
Ugandan Finance Minister Matthias Kassay praised "the coming of China at a critical time" when more than 1.4 million refugees in the country desperately need humanitarian aid.
In addition to the donations, China has also helped enable refugees.
In April 2018, the Chinese Foundation for the Reduction of Poverty (CFPA), a non-governmental organization and the Mercy Corps, an international humanitarian organization, launched a joint $ 1 million refugee support program in Uganda. more autonomous.
This program is designed to provide small grants to agricultural training to stimulate agricultural production and increase revenues.
The program also aims to train young refugees to start a business. Selected refugees should benefit from this 15-month project.
Eric Manguni, a senior researcher at Em-Pioneer's Nairobi-based consultants, said China's time is crucial.
"China's arrival is a great relief for many African countries facing crises (refugees) or suffering from the crisis in neighboring countries such as Kenya and Uganda," he said. F
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