Bipolarity, agonizing attacks, depression … After decades of Omerta, Hollywood stars no longer hesitate to talk about the wicked who suffer, hoping to break the huge taboo about the mental disorders that affect every fourth person at some point in his life .
At the Grammy Award last Sunday, Lady Gaga was "proud to be part of a movie (" The Star Is Born ") about mental health problems," with a hero suffering from addictions and thoughts. suicide. Very devoted to these questions, the pop star revealed two years ago that she herself suffered from post-traumatic stress. But his case is not unique: comedian Pitt Davidson, Saturday Night Live TV show, who opens his depression, even worried by his fans, Mariah Carey, who talks about his bipolarity for the first time last year, is released. "I did not want to get caught up in the stigma of a chronic illness that defines me and risk losing my career," says the singer singer in People magazine. "I was terrified of losing everything," she said for the 60 millionth disease, which is considered the sixth most exhausting, according to the World Health Organization. health (WHO). She also said she was under medical treatment and followed psychotherapy.
Significant progress for the psychiatrist Jean-Victor Blanc, an observer of the relationship between pop culture and psychiatry, the subject of conferences he gives regularly and soon on a book. "Psychological disorders are so stigmatized that it is good to have positive examples," said the 31-year-old doctor practicing at St. Antoine Hospital in Paris. The example of Mariah Carey is "inspiring for my patients" because once she speaks, she returns to her normal activities as an artist. It also corresponds to the "current recommendations" on care, where movies sometimes paint pictures far from the medical reality, with patients who survive only through a romantic encounter or religion, he said.
These statements help reduce stigma, but they are not always in the shade (like Kanye West album, with "I hate to be bipolar, great," written on the cover) and benefit from more than a few diseases. Bipolarity has become commonplace in the literature of literature (the Homeland series or the film of happiness that won the Oscar of Jennifer Lawrence in 2013) and is a bit better known to the general public. Unlike schizophrenia, which affects 23 million people, it remains extremely stigmatized.
Even if the stars talk about their evils, the work remains significant. Perhaps because they are seen as part of the artist's life. "Giving a glimpse of some disorders is not new, but it's still a problem," said Philip Auslander, professor of communication at Georgia Institute of Technology, complaining about the romantic image of the self-destructive artist. , "The idea that creativity pays a high price on a personal level is something that is implicitly accepted, but it is very damaging," he says.
To strike faster and more strongly, advertisers launched a campaign at Instagram in early January, trying to take down the social media record, Kylie Jenner, with a picture of an egg (Eugene Egg). For a few days, a record was beaten. Then there were more pictures of the egg whose shell cracked, and a link to dozens of organizations working for mental health around the world.
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