Selection and preparation: Đurđić
On this day 1595, died Italian poet Torquato Tassos, author of the epoch "Liberated Jerusalem". A number of poems are dedicated to Dubrovka, Tsveti Zuzorić, who gathers writers and artists in her salon in Florence.
1599 – Born in English Revolutionary Leader Oliver Cromwell, who in 1653 became a defender of England, Scotland and Ireland. Two years after Cromwell's death in 1658, the monarchy was restored.
1848 – In response to a letter from Ban Yosip Jelacic, Bishop Peter II Petrovic Negosh denied the allegations of Montenegro's involvement in incitement to the revolt and agitation of the villagers in Boca, convincing the Croatian ban not to cross the Austrian border of armed Montenegrins, and not ready turn to Bockel to calm down the rebels if the Austrian authorities are not ready to meet their demands, because, he writes, Negoš "at that time acts against his own honor."
1874 – Italian engineer Guillermo Marconi was born. He worked on the improvement of wireless telegraphy and was the first to send radio signals across the Atlantic Ocean (1901). He shares the Nobel Prize in 1909 with the German physicist Brown. Montenegro was the first country on the Balkans to introduce radiotelegraphy, opening the 1904 radiotelegraphic station – the Marconi system – on the Voluyca Hill near Bar. On July 30, 1904, Voice of Montenegro, he announced on the front page that, inter alia, it was written that the grand opening ceremony of the first radio-telegraph station in Montenegro and the Balkans on 21 July and Markony himself.
1884 – In the village of Kopit (municipality of Danilovgrad) was born a Montenegrin scientist, journalist and journalist, Dr. Nikola Škerovic. Doctor of Philosophy in Prague. He participated in the Balkan and World War II. He spent the period from 1916 to 1918 in captivity. He is a professor of Cetine and a director of the Podgorica high school and an inspector of education. As an opponent of the dictatorial regime in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, he retired in 1935. After 1945, he was the head of the State Archives of Serbia. He has worked in a number of local and foreign newspapers and magazines and is editor of the famous Dan magazine.
1913 – The government of Yanko Vukotić, educated in Montenegro, consists of an equal number of clubs and rights. Following the resignation of the government of Mitar Martinovich to oppose the decision to leave Skadar, King Nicholas in order to reduce the people's dissatisfaction with the great victims of the war, he gave the mandate to General Yanko Vukocic, who, as the Commander of the Sandzak Team, won great success in the fight against the Turks in Sandzak and Metohija,
1915 – The Battle of Gallipo begins, one of the greatest battles in World War I, in which Turkey defeated allied troops under British command. It was also the only victory of the Turkish army in this war. About 7,000 Australians and about 2,000 New Zealanders died in an eight-month Galilean battle.
[1945[1945– In San Francisco, the 45 countries of the anti-Hitler coalition, including Yugoslavia, have begun the UN constituent assembly.
1994 – The Contact Group for the Coordination of Diplomatic Action of the United States of America, Russia and the European Union in the Bosnian War was established in London.
2005 – The European Union's foreign ministers supported the decision of the European Commission in Luxembourg on the readiness of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro to enter into negotiations with the European Union on the conclusion of the Stabilization and Association Agreement on the double track established in the conclusions of 11 October 2004. in Maastricht.
2007 – Montenegrin Defense Minister Boro Vucinic signed an agreement between NATO and Brussels on security information between the government of Montenegro and the Alliance.
2008 – At the initiative of the European Peace and Development Center (EPCD) and the UN Peace University of Belgrade under the auspices of Bar Bar, the Standing International School of Multiculturalism was established in Rumia. The school sessions are scheduled to be organized once a year, and thirty students from the last year of the Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Political Science and other related faculties from state and private universities from Podgorica, Belgrade, Novi Sad, Sarajevo, Zagreb, Ljubljana, Skopje . and Pristina.
2008 – At the age of 85, the famous Croatian philosopher Milan Kangrga, the founder and the boss of several decades, died and Professor of the Faculty of Ethics at Zagreb Faculty of Philosophy. He is one of the founders of the Croatian Philosophical Society (1957), the national and international edition of the Praxis magazine, and the Corchulus Summer School (1963). He has published fourteen books and numerous articles, and in his Naprijed Publishing House in Zagreb in 1989 his selected works have been published. Three days after his death, the book "Classic German Idealism" was published. In addition to his philosophical work, he also dealt with translation from German and French. Famous works: "Ethical Problems in the Work of Charles Marx", "Ethics or Revolution", "Practice-Time-World".
2009 – Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi praised the left in this country for post-World War II democracy, while left-wing President Giorgio Napolitano called for "compassion" for fascist victims, bringing Italy closer to fighting rivalries.
2012 – In Dobrota near Kotor, at 92, he died, academician Prof. Milos Milosevic, Admiral of the Bokel Navy and longtime Director of the Historical Archives in Kotor. Milosevic is a historian, archivist and writer, poet and musician. He was born in Split as a descendant of the famous captain and the Milosevic family. He is the author of 14 books and over 240 scientific articles. Among the most significant achievements of Milosevic are: "Music themes and portraits", "Learning from the literary and cultural past", a collection of poems "Holding hands" and "Sam on deck", extensive historical study "Marine merchants, warriors and patrons "and a collection. historical record "From Boca Kotorska's Past". With Jelena Antovic he prepared a phototype edition of the Statute of the Brotherhood of St. Nicholas sailors in Kotor in 1463 with allegations until 1807 published in 2009 on the 12th Century of the Bokel fleet and the transfer of the relics of St. Trifon from Constantinople to Kotor. Milos Milosevic is the winner of the Thirteenth Prize, the Golden Crown Order, the Order of the Republic of Croatia, the Society for the Study and Development of Yugoslavia, and many other awards and awards.
On this day, the following happened:
1744 – Swedish physicist Anders Celsius, the inventor of one of the heat-measuring rocks, dies.
1765 – Serbian poet-gusher Philip Vishnic was born, who dances all the important events of the First Serbian Uprising. Viscic's songs are recorded by Vuk Stefanovic Karadzic.
1792 – By the execution of the passenger robber Jacques Pellet in De Grave Square in Paris, a guillotine was first used in France.
1859 – According to the project of the French consul in Alexandria Ferdinand de Lesche, the Suez Canal was excavated. The 161-kilometer channel was connected in November 1869 with the Mediterranean and the Red Sea and created the shortest waterway from Europe to the Middle and Far East.
1918 – Born American composer Ela Fitzgerald, a non-productive "queen of jazz".
1982 – The last Israeli soldiers left Sinai, ending the 15-year occupation of this Egyptian peninsula.
2008 – Russia warned that it could use military force to protect its "compatriots" in the Georgian separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia in case they were attacked.
2009 – The World Health Organization announced that a new form of AH1N1 flu, of which 68 people died in Mexico, could become a pandemic.
2013 – Serbian President Tomislav Nikolic apologized for the crimes committed by individuals against Bosnians on behalf of Serbia and the Serbian people and announced he would visit Srebrenica.