Smoking is one of the biggest risks, Photo: Printscreen
COPD symptoms that are easy to confuse with the common cold often hide the black prognosis .
Symptoms that are easy to confuse with the common cold often hide a black prognosis.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a disease of the future, warn doctors who are witnessing an increase in the number of patients with this serious condition, often called COPD.
It is a state of constant, progressive obstruction of the air flow through the airways and relates mainly to associated disorders that gradually reduce the patient's diffusion capacity, that is, reduce breathing. The disease is not new, but the thing is that it was never called by its name – a decrease in lung function was considered a normal consequence of aging.
However, according to official figures, five out of 10 thousand people are currently suffering from it, and it is estimated that this number is several times higher, since most people only detect the disease in its last stages, when the symptoms are impossible to ignore, because reduce quality of life. ,
DISEASES BEFORE BRONCHITIS
About 90 percent of patients are smokers – those who still smoke and those who have ever smoked quit. In addition to direct exposure, this may be due to secondhand smoke, which is exposed to most people, especially those working in the hospitality and related professions. In addition, hereditary factors, frequent childhood respiratory infections, exposure to various irritating chemicals, organic and inorganic powders, digestive fumes and aerosols (eg through industrial work) and asthma also play a major role in the disease.
Mortality is increasing
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the leading causes of disease in general and deaths worldwide, and the number of patients and deaths is increasing and posing a significant public health problem. Many people have been suffering from this disease for years, so they die prematurely because of its effects.
Because there is no cure for the disease, treatment is usually symptomatic. According to Wikipedia, COPD is currently the fourth most common cause of death in the world. The probability of a patient dying of COPD is 10 times higher in smokers than in non-smokers.
PROBLEM OF DIAGNOSIS
COPD in 85 percent of cases is preceded by bronchitis, which in its chronic form affects every third smoker. People with bronchitis often cough with mucus, which is a major symptom of a disease that can be confusing as it is difficult to distinguish from the so-called. normal expectoration. Emphysema is a disease that is often associated with COPD.
Therefore, any cough lasting more than three weeks is a sign of an urgent medical examination that will determine the presence of lung disease by X-ray and other examinations, Croatian Express reports.
RECOGNIZE THE SYMPTOMS
In the initial stages of the disease, the most common sensation is lack of air or inability to breathe sufficiently, which is checked through exhalation tests. There was no significant change in the early stage of the disease, except for findings of wheezing when listening to the lungs. As the airway obstruction progresses, the "overload" of the lungs and the transverse volume of the chest become visible.
Over time, shortness of breath also occurs with moderate to moderate physical exertion. As the disease progresses, this symptom becomes more pronounced, so in the latter stages treatment with oxygen inhalation over the mask is often required.
Breathing is often accompanied by creaking sound and coughing. In the later stages, the expectoration of large amounts of mucus that accumulates is also expressed, the infections are constant, the joints and fatigue swell, and the skin becomes bluish due to the decrease in oxygen content.
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