This is the world's largest congress on infectious diseases, which gathered more than 13,500 physicians from 127 countries this month.
Infectious tropical diseases transmitted by mosquitoes and ticks, Until recently, our continent was arriving only with passengers contaminated in tropical countries. However, this is slowly changing because today and The Mediterranean during the warm part of the year belongs to the tropical climate area.
Soft winters, longer warm periods, high rainfall and droughts favor different types of mosquitoes and ticks that transmit these and other infectious diseases, broadcast by Dutch NOS television.
So the Asian tiger mosquito has already settled in Italy, Spain and Croatia, the favorite summer destinations of a large number of Europeans.
Tiger mosquito can transfer viral viruses and viruses that cause dengue and chikungunya gooseberries.
Biting a tick Transmitting a bacterium that causes Lyme disease, but also a virus that causes brain inflammation and brain membranes.
Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by a lasagna parasites and mosquitoes. The disease is most often followed by large ropes of the skin and mucous membranes, it can attack the liver and the spleen, and in severe cases there may be a fatal outcome.
Chikungun fever and zika virus cause high fever and severe joint pain.
And dengue fever jis a viral disease with symptoms such as sudden fever, headache and muscle aches.
Over the last 12 years, the Mediterranean countries have been affected in a number of cases by minor or major epidemics of dengue and chicungun fever.
In 2007, 2007 and 2017, epidemics of large chicago-fever erupted in both cases with hundreds of patients.
Giovanni Reza, Director of Infectious Diseases at the National Health Service in Italy, for the epidemics blaming long, hot and humid flights and explains:
The virus is likely to arrive in Italy with infected Southeast Asian tourists and twice in Italy.
On the coast of southern France epidemics from smaller outbreaks of dengue and chicungun occurred almost every year during the same period Day dengue epidemics have also been reported in Spain and Croatia.
The Portuguese island of Madeira, which due to its climate and geographic isolation is a specific case, affected a dengue fever epidemic in 2012, affecting more than two thousand people.
According to Reza, a viral transmitter of Madeira, he is not a mosquito mosquito, and mosquito Aedes aegypti, who sends the yellow fever virus and fortunately in Europe we still do not meet.
A malaria epidemic erupted in Greece in 2011 and 2012, and in 2016 there were several cases.
They were in 2018 the countries of Southeast Europe have been affected by the Great Nile Fever, with more than two thousand patients, of whom 181 have succumbed to disease. Most of the patients had flu symptoms, while fewer patients were affected by inflammation of the brain and cerebral mucosa from which they died.
A person who bites ticks infected with the tickling meningoencephalitis virus (KME) is at risk from the infected virus itself and suffers from brain inflammation or cerebral mucus.
Although the chance of developing the disease is not great, if it comes, it can endanger the life of the patient. The illness usually begins with symptoms similar to the symptoms of the flu, followed by a shorter period without any symptoms. Then there is a high temperature, a severe headache, and at the end of the brain inflammation or cerebral palsy, the patient is hospitalized and there are cases where he or she may be ill.
The KME virus is present in Europe in Scandinavia, Germany, Switzerland and Austria and also in Russia. An estimated 2,000 people per year suffer from this virus in Europe, whereas in Russia this number is significantly higher, even ten thousand.
According to Jan Semenza of the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) Climate change plays an important role in the spread of tropical diseases, but travel and globalization can be even greater.
At the Congress in Amsterdam he also stressed this mosquitoes play an increasing role in transmitting diseases, to transmit them more often and more often because of the warmer weather.
"The epidemic of the viral virus, a few years ago, showed us just that, a particularly serious epidemic affecting the northeastern part of Brazil, which was struggling with record heat during the same period," said Samenza.
Both Samenza and Reza, at the Amsterdam Congress, have advocated a greater role for governmental organizations around the world to identify new mosquito habitats and to alert the population to the dangers.
"ECDC scientists are developing a new alert system that combines data on disease outbreaks with climate data as well as socio-economic data. adequate protection and control measures, "says Samenza.