Saturday , July 31 2021

Are you afraid of the ticks? Experts recommend vaccination against tick encephalitis

February is the most optimal sowing period for the first of three doses of encephalitis vaccine.

As reported by RÚVZ, the second dose, according to experts, should be submitted at the end of March or early April, before spring ticks and the third in September. Such vaccination then protects the person up to five years.

Isolated disease, but it happens

The places where most of the infected ticks are located in Slovakia are located mainly along the banks of the Vah. This focal point extends from its source to the point where the river flows into the Danube. While in the past only Vah's left side was infected with infected ticks, it spread in the 70's to the right.

"In this area, we have recorded the highest levels of disease for many years, although it is important to say that there is no disease in ticks of encephalitis in Slovakia. There are 70 to 150 cases per year that are moderate in severity and require hospitalization that takes an average of two weeks. Therefore, in Slovakia, there has never been any vaccination against this disease, as many people are not exposed to this risk, "said Maria Avdikova, Head of Epidemiology at Banska Bystrica BTV.

Apart from Wah, the southwest of Slovakia, the Nithrian region and particularly its southern regions can be considered endemic. However, the frequency of infected ticks is also recorded in areas where the endemicity has not been confirmed in the past, for example at higher geographic heights, such as the Slovenian oreochorias.

What is a fungal enceelitis?

Ringworm encephalitis is a viral disease when the virus spreads through the bloodstream through the bloodstream, attacks the nervous tissue and mainly causes inflammation of the brain.

Nibble can carry the disease in addition to humans and animals. Then one can get infected with them. Diseases are mainly exposed to goats. They have no special clinical signs, but the virus is secreted into the milk. Consequently, this disease can also be transmitted by drinking milk from goats and products of this milk which are not sufficiently heat-treated.

The CP has three groups of residents – obligatory staff of virological laboratories or scientists collecting pliers for research. The second group, in terms of occupational risk, is forest workers, geologists, farmers or athletes who are involved in guidance and move to known endemic areas. This vaccination is recommended and paid by the employer. The third group consists of citizens who need to be vaccinated at their request.

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