BRATISLAVA, November 8 (WebNoviny.sk) – Low community inoculation threatens its health and can cause not only unnecessary disease but also death. Reducing the coverage of the population by vaccination can cause the disease to recover from previously protected.
Elimination of disease
If not, when coverage is stable and high, the disease subsides and, in some cases, may be completely lost. Despite the success of vaccination efforts every year, 1.5 million people die from diseases that prevent vaccination.
Since the introduction of vaccination, expected life expectancy has increased by 15 to 25 years and is expected to increase further. Evidence shows that vaccination has become a major contributor to this disease, which is now able to prevent more infectious diseases. Effective disease control and elimination programs have been shown to have mass vaccination programs.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), vaccines will be the most important tool for reducing high morbidity and mortality associated with the influenza pandemic, which annually infects around 3.5 million people, resulting in deaths of up to 650,000 people. In 1990, infectious diseases accounted for 33 percent of all deaths, in 2010 it was only 25 percent.
The vaccine also includes the most affordable health investment. They reduce the economic burden on people with infectious diseases and reduce, for example, pressure on the health system.
Vaccination helps prevent the transmission and spread of infectious diseases in the community and can provide collective protection for people who cannot vaccinate, such as children who are too young, people with weak immune systems, or patients who are seriously ill.
Vaccination is also needed for diseases that do not occur. Every decrease in vaccination reduces the effect of collective protection and increases the risk of epidemics. Examples of decreasing vaccinations are, for example, the eastern measles epidemic this year in Eastern Slovakia.
In Slovakia, compulsory and optional vaccinations are available. The first category included vaccination of children against diphtheria, tetanus, black cough, polio, hepatitis B virus and invasive infections of hemophilia, measles, mumps and rubella.
It is also mandatory to vaccinate adults against diphtheria and tetanus. Mandatory vaccination, the purpose of which is to prevent infectious diseases that can be prevented from being vaccinated, available to all children in Slovakia and protected by public health insurance.
Parents who do not prove a serious case to a serious health care provider or other doctor and refuse vaccination of a compulsory child will be fined € 331. Optional vaccinations involve thirteen other diseases, four of which are travel vaccines.
Vaccination is also important for pregnant women. Before pregnancy, a woman must undergo all mandatory vaccinations. Live vaccines containing weakened viral or bacterial particles must be allowed to be vaccinated no later than one month before the scheduled pregnancy, with vaccination against sheep pox being the most important if the woman does not survive.
Non-living vaccines, by turning off viral or bacterial particles, can also be given immediately before pregnancy and, if necessary, during pregnancy. Every pregnant woman must be vaccinated against influenza (from October to December) and diphtheria, tetanus and black cough (28-37 weeks of pregnancy).
Significance for mothers and children is vaccinated even after giving birth, and it is safe to get vaccinations even if the woman is breastfeeding. Inoculated mothers reduce the risk of infecting their babies. A woman who has not been vaccinated against tetanus, diphtheria, and black cough during pregnancy must be inoculated immediately after birth if she has not been vaccinated for the past five years.
Complications in pregnancy can cause flu, for example. Direct transmission of flu from mother to fetus during pregnancy is, for example, the cause of miscarriage in the first trimester. Influenza viruses cause neural tube scanning and maternal influenza as well as four times the incidence of fetal tumors. Children of mothers with excess infected influenza lag behind during their growth period.
Vaccination is required in selected professions too. For example, doctors, laboratory workers or asylum workers are vaccinated against tuberculosis, while epidemiologists, soldiers, prison guards and court officers or hepatitis A firefighting brigades oppose hepatitis B, teachers in health schools, social and family affairs, cities or social careers .
Risk of infection
Employees of virological laboratories who work with the rabies virus, medicinal plants and sharp objects must be allowed to vaccinate against rabies. Inflammation of the testicles of the brain must be vaccinated by virological laboratory staff who work with ameliorated sputum viruses.
Mandatory vaccination must also be completed by a group of people who have been or have been exposed to an increased risk of infection. These are, for example, people who have been in contact with patients with tuberculosis, meningitis or hepatitis A virus, people who live in households with someone who has hepatitis B and people who have come into contact with animals. At home social services, vaccination is mandatory for pneumococcal infections.
Information from SITA was provided by Erika Zimanova from Accelerate.