Viruses that are hidden under the RSV abbreviation are common, but can be very dangerous.
A disease called serious bronchiolitis and affects youngest children. That is not the same as bronchitis.
Viruses with the abbreviation RSV – syncytial respiratory viruses are around us in abundance. The incidence increases in the autumn months, culminating in winter and at the end of spring tends to recede.
Usually does not cause serious illness, only the symptoms of the common cold. In adults and in 60% of children, infection is limited to mild upper respiratory infections.
However, there is a group of vulnerable children whose RSV can also go down to the lower respiratory tract and its causes unpleasant ibronchiolitis, often requiring hospitalization in the intensive care unit.
What is bronchiolitis?
This is the smallest inflammation of bronchiolovirus and the most serious form of RSV infection.
Airbags are the ends of the airways, they are found in the lungs and end in explosions – alveoli, where oxygen is exchanged directly with carbon dioxide and vice versa, namely, breathing itself. The dipstick is thin, only about 1 millimeter in size. It is logical, therefore, that when they are light and withered, very serious conditions are made and air cannot flow properly in the airways.
Bronchiolitis affects mainly children up to the age of 2 years, the maximum incidence occurs in small infants 3-6 months. The risk is higher in children with lung, premature babies or children with heart disease. For children at risk, antibodies are available in Slovakia, which is given once a month during the RSV season. That does not mean, however, that healthy babies cannot get sick. Incredible, it can happen, especially in a period of up to 1 year of life.
Symptoms of RSV infection
Babies may first experience symptoms similar to those seen in the nose, cold nose, rhinitis, coughing, high temperature (be careful, in the case of newborns, the temperature may be reduced).
After a few days (sometimes up to 48 hours), bronchiolitis can develop with more serious symptoms – coughing more often and thicker, the baby begins to suffocate – Difficulty breathing occurs in the form of easy breathing (breathing nostrils, muscle insertion between ribs, crotch insertion), usually breathing that is abnormally fast, sometimes with rest – resting apnea, breathing wheezing, bruising or fingertips. Babies usually eat less, or vomit, they are very irritable or sleepy. If more serious symptoms occur, an ambulance must be called immediately.
Treatment of RSV
Treatment of bronchiolitis is being carried out in the hospital and the aim is to relieve symptoms of the disease, because antibiotics are not directly taken to the RSV virus. First of all, this is about supporting basic life functions, especially breathing failure.
What is next?
Unfortunately, research claims that after bronchiolitis ends, children are more susceptible to respiratory diseases. Even the disease is considered to be at risk for later asthma.
Prevention of RSV
As far as the virus is concerned, antibiotics will be reluctant to depend on treatment. More important is prevention.
It is important to avoid contact with cold people with small children, which is very important for children from risk groups. Don't let anyone around the baby smoke or let the baby live in a closed room. Regular ventilation is needed and has enough time to spend outside in the fresh air. Especially during the season, avoid shopping malls, public transportation and mass events, in short places where more people can handle them. If you have children from a high-risk group, you should know about the possibility of preventing your antibodies from being treated in the RSV Center (lists can be found on the Internet or provided by your pediatrician).