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Interesting picture: How many of these diseases are significantly higher in some municipalities



The increased illness, hospital treatment for children, decreases less.

Within the framework of the Health of Municipalities, NRIC also drew the map of asthma in children and adolescents. This shows an interesting picture – in places in the northern part of the Primorsk region and in the northeastern part of Slovenia there are many children hospitalized because of asthma and in some places this is nothing.

The indicator shows a standardized rate of hospital asthma treatment in children and adolescents between 0 and 19 years b from 2013-2017.

    | Author: NIJZ

NIJZ

But the data on the map does not show the spread of asthma but only hospital treatment and, as the experts say, they are not exactly the true indicator of the spread of this disease in us. However, in municipalities that are colorful brown in four observed years, there are no children to be treated with asthma in a hospital.

Simone Perchic The Center for Health Ecology at the National Institute of Public Health (NIJZ) adds that the incidence of asthma worldwide is increasing and the hospitalization of children with asthma is declining.

Засавье и Марибор

According to her, the highest incidence of asthma in children in the Saxony region is in Slovenia, and a slightly higher incidence is also found in Maribor. "There is a higher level of particulate air pollution in Besiktaska, which, besides the exposure to allergies, is one of the most potent risk factors for the development of asthma" she added, adding that it is very difficult to determine individual effects on the development of asthma.

Asthma is an important burden as it has a significant negative impact on the everyday life of many patients. It is one of the most common diseases of the respiratory tract and is the most common chronic disease in children and affects many adults.

According to the words Petra Korošca, who is head of the Clinical Immunology and Molecular Genetics Laboratory at the University Hospital for Pulmonary Diseases and Palliative Allergy, the development of medicine has led to 90% of patients with asthma knowing what their immunological cause, what inflammation they have, what cells are key. "We now develop therapies that will treat these different immunological pathways for the disease itself," – said the expert. "The key to better patient care in the future will be personalized medicine" "he added.

Personalized Medicine: A New Revolution in the Treatment of Asthma

The first revolution in the treatment of asthma occurred in the early 1980s with the introduction of inhaled glucocorticoids, which drastically reduced mortality. "We are now happy and proud that we are part of the history of the second revolution as well as when we have the opportunity to individually treat the disease according to the asthma subtype, "said the pulmonologist at Golklin's clinic Sabina Shkrath,

This is asthma

Asthma shows a specific "asthmatic" inflammation of the airway, for which there is no reason. "We know that the inflammation accelerates and thus worsens allergens of asthma – the secretions of domestic mites, various pollen, professional allergens and viruses and some bacteria" highlight in the clinic of Pillow.

Because of inflammation, the respiratory tract is narrowed, further narrowed by numerous irritants (eg tobacco smoke) or non-specific factors (eg cold and dry air). Feel this as a symptom of asthma:

  • difficulty breathing
  • cough
  • chest tightness
  • screaming breath

The most typical, and sometimes the first symptoms of asthma are night coughs or night shortness of breath, usually between 3 o'clock and 4 o'clock in the morning, morning coughs or morning shortness of breath and heavy breathing during body weights.


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