Thursday , July 29 2021

Psychologist: "Young people have difficulty putting words on emotions"

The worries, fears and dreams of men are eternal and children of their time. Like comfort and healing.

What problems are being watered today in psychological clinics in Sweden?

– It's not enough. Fatigue diseases have increased for ten years, and women make up two-thirds of the increase. Today we are also more afraid. Or rather we tell you that we are more afraid. Fear is a trigger mechanism for many other negative emotions because it is deepest in our brain.

How do young people feel?

– More and more young people can not express their feelings. For them, it only becomes a diffuse, uncomfortable feeling in the body that never translates into the influence it applies, such as fear, sadness or shame. Those who work with young people say they often get the "do not know" answer to questions about how someone feels or feels. This ability is important because it increases the chances of better self-service.

"Why did this happen?" One explanation is that young people are less likely to talk face to face, not through the net, but where they really meet. We are born with the ability to look at the faces and to reflect the reactions of others. Friendship and the space for confidential conversations teach this ability.

So social media make us less social?

– There are certainly many benefits to social media. But in the end; in the network we are alone, along with psychology professor Sherry Trulle. The dissertation of my previous PhD student Erika Hanson showed that children who have dinner with their parents get better emotional regulation. This is partly confirmed by the French study that came some time ago, suggesting that those who sit together and eat more feel better, both physiologically and emotionally. The conversation has a healing effect.

Recently, the image of the brain has emerged as a plastic and form, even in old age. Does this and other new knowledge affect the point of view of mental illness?

"We know today that the brain has a greater ability to repair injuries than previously known. Take, for example, fatigue syndrome, it can lead to learning disabilities due to reduced hippocampal ability. Today, he knows what strategies the patient should use to regain his abilities.

"We have also learned that DNA is variable. Our genes are not as destructive as before. I myself participate in a project that investigates whether psychological resistance or patient resistance influences the way we deal with trauma, such as the cancer report, and whether this resistance in turn affects the epigenetisation of DNA. That is why we want to see if there is a link between stress management and the ability to deal with difficult illnesses. I think it will be hope.

Is there any kind of therapeutic method that has proven to be better or worse for enhancing psychological resistance?

– It is important to use the right method at the right time. Today there are two directions that are spoken of, namely cognitive-behavioral therapy, CBT and interpersonal therapy, IPT. The former has its roots in Behaviorism, it was developed in the 1960s and has recently come into some new variations.

One of the reasons why such a legitimacy has recently been given to KBT is that its advocates were at the beginning of methodological careful studies where the outcome of the treated patients was compared with those who were waiting. The results showed evidence that led the National Council for Health and Welfare to recommend the method earlier. But then there are several studies that show that IPT is comparable to CBT, so there is now no reason for the National Health and Welfare Board to recommend unilaterally CBT. They start to change and it's good.

The Health Center is the first contact for many with stress, sleeping problems and other symptoms that may have psychological explanations. How does the reception work?

– Generally working well, based on the conditions that health centers have. But patients will need a lot more time with each guardian in the health center. For example, to start using the medications you are printing.

– Today, one-third of prescribed medicines do not come together. One explanation is that for some time we do not attach any importance to the relationship. Healthy staff becomes overly rational, and spreads advice and drugs rather than talking. But people take greater responsibility for their recovery if they feel concerned and listen. A few simple follow-up questions and subsequent conciliations are enough.

Nowadays most people google their symptoms …?

"Yes, and we do not see any delay in this behavior. It can be difficult for professionals when the patient has a clear and clear idea of ​​the cause of their symptoms. That is why I would like to advise healthcare professionals to start the conversation with "What are you experiencing?" Before giving your patient advice. Then the chance for the patient to become receptive to what the therapist has to say increases.

This article was first published in LUM University magazine.

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