Sunday , June 13 2021

Power struggle over Venezuela: These external actors are included



Updated January 25, 2019, 5:15 pm

In Venezuela, the struggle for power between the government and the opposition rages. Parliament Speaker Juan Guaydo declared himself a temporary president and openly challenged President Maduro. The United States, the EU and many Latin American countries have acknowledged the counter-president as a legitimate head of state. Maduro, on the other hand, can rely on the support of the powerful army and its allies in Russia, Iran, Turkey, Cuba, Bolivia and Nicaragua. But there are more actors involved in the power struggle in Venezuela. Who is on which page?




President Nicholas Maduro: Despite international protests, Maduro had sworn in for a second term on Thursday. Many states, international organizations and the Venezuelan opposition described his reelection last year as undemocratic.

© imago / EFE Agency




"I swear I will build socialism in the 21st century," he said at his oath. Venezuela is in a deep crisis. The economic performance of the South American country has fallen by half in recent years.

© Imago / Xinhua




Corruption, maladministration and state regulation largely destroyed the industrial base. Oil production, accounting for 95% of all revenues, is in a free fall. Due to the lack of foreign currency, the state can barely import food and everyday needs, even toilet paper. Medical care has largely collapsed.

© imago / EFE Agency




Juan Guido: Chairman of the National Assembly, the last democratically legitimate institution in the country. The 35-year-old president is declared a transitional president under the constitution. He could give the opposition. However, his opponents, especially Maduro, call him the "agent" of the United States because of his proximity to the Trump administration.

© imago / EFE Agency




Guyado is looking for a transitional government and free elections. Compared to Maduro, he made the first concessions for an amnesty scheme. "Amnesty is at the table and the guarantees are for those who are ready to put themselves on the Constitution and restore the constitutional order."

© imago / EFE Agency




Venezuelan military: However, the strong army is still loyal to Maduro. "The armed forces will never accept a president who is used by the dark forces or who is working on the law," Defense Minister Vladimir Paderno said. "We recognize our Chief Commander Nicholas Maduro as a legitimate president."

© imago / EFE Agency




USA: Maduro is a thorn in the US government. After re-election, the United States took the economically stronger country with tougher sanctions. No wonder Donald Trump has confessed Guaido's opposition leader just a few minutes after taking office as a temporary president. Therefore, close cooperation with the US government is more than likely.

© imago / UPI Photo




US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo initially refused to follow Maduro's order to immediately withdraw all diplomats. "The regime of former President Nicholas Maduro is not legitimate, so we consider all his declarations and actions to be illegitimate and invalid," he explained. Meanwhile, however, US diplomats have left, which is not urgently needed.

© Imago / Xinhua




EU: EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogerini called for "free and credible elections" in Venezuela and pledged support from the European Union for the opposition parliament.

© imago / ZUMA Press




Germany: Federal Foreign Minister Haiko Maas is apparently on Guaydo's side. "We are not neutral on this issue, but we support what Guyado does there," said NMSP politician Deutsche Welle. Germany has great problems recognizing Maduro's election as president.

© imgo / photothek




"Obviously, there are so many violations of the right to vote that one can only speak conditionally for democratic elections." That is why the federal government is engaging in new elections. If this does not happen quickly, the federal government is considering recognizing Guaydo as a new head of state.

© picture alliance / dpa




Russia: Vladimir Putin is particularly interested in Venezuela's geopolitical position near the United States. In addition, Russian state-owned companies have already invested heavily in the world's richest oil country. Strong business relations are important to the Kremlin, and the change of government can seriously disturb them.

© imago / ZUMA Press




Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov warned the US about military intervention. Venezuela has been receiving Russian weapons since the time of Hugo Chavez, last December were delivered two Tu-160 supersonic bombers with nuclear power from Moscow.

© Imago / Xinhua




China: The Middle Kingdom headed by GJ Sinpin (left) is firmly on the side of Maduro. China's interest is Venezuela's oil. The billion-dollar credit – worth more than $ 70 billion – which China has been providing to the country since 2008, is paying off its "black gold" to South Americans.

© Imago / Xinhua




Turkey: As Maduro, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (R) is considered an autocrat in the West, so Erdogan's statement about the current situation is a little surprise: "Maduro, brother, stay strong, we are with you." The Turks are admired by Maduro, his solidarity seems to know no boundaries.

© imago / Depo Pictures




Iran: The regime in Tehran is Venezuela's closest foreign-policy ally outside of the Islamic world. There are hundreds of bilateral agreements between the two countries, including military co-operation. Ideologically, in deep dislike of the United States, they also united the common interest in high oil prices.

© Imago / Xinhua




Both countries are heavily dependent on the export of their "black gold". A joint bank set up by both sides is also suspected to support Iran, which is heavily affected by sanctions.

© picture alliance / dpa




Brazil: In the neighboring country, the new president, Jair Bolsonaroo, is run by a right-wing conservative politician who is not interested in China's great influence in the region or left-wing ideologies. Bolsonarot is with Donald Trump on a similar line, his camp, especially the son of Bolsanor Eduardo and Foreign Minister Ernesto Aragão, are attacking Maduro with several word words.

© imago / ZUMA Press




Mexico: President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador pursues a policy of non-interference. The most important country in the region is committed to neutrality after Guaydo took power, Mexicans want to watch the situation. If necessary, Obrador can take on the role of mediator.

© imago / ZUMA Press


Source link