Monday , July 26 2021

Project billionaire breakthrough Yuri Milner works with NASA to hunt foreign life



Russian-Israeli billionaire Yuri Milner plans the first personal mission into space – and NASA helps it.

Milner hopes to live on the moon of Saturn Enceladus, which many experts believe is the most likely place in the universe to contain alien life.

According to New Scientist, & # 39; an agreement signed by NASA and Milner, a non-profit Breakthrough Starshot Foundation in September showed that the organization is working on scientific, technical and financial plans for ambitious missions. & # 39;

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Humanity's best hope for finding alien life is probably the month of Saturn Enceladus (pictured). Scientists say celestial ice is the only world in the solar system other than Earth with all the ingredients needed for life. Now Russian-Israeli billionaire Yuri Milner is planning the first personal mission into space to look for it.

Humanity's best hope for finding alien life is probably the month of Saturn Enceladus (pictured). Scientists say celestial ice is the only world in the solar system other than Earth with all the ingredients needed for life. Now Russian-Israeli billionaire Yuri Milner is planning the first personal mission into space to look for it.

WHAT WILL LIVE IN ENCELADUS LOOK LIKE?

The types of life forms that might be able to live on Enceladus would not be small green humans – but would be similar to microbes that live in extreme conditions on earth – such as volcanic vents on the ocean floor.

Natural satellites pump organic molecules – precursors of microbial life – from the liquid subsurface sea, readings from NASA investigations earlier this year were revealed.

NASA has done more than $ 70,000 to help produce concept studies for flyby missions, and will use the money to provide staff.

Scientists say celestial ice is the only world in the solar system other than Earth with all the ingredients needed for life.

Natural satellites pump organic molecules – precursors of microbial life – from the liquid subsurface sea, readings from NASA investigations earlier this year were revealed.

The researchers said they were fascinated & # 39; by this research, adding the results can direct the search for the future of extraterrestrial life.

Breakthrough proposes another fly-by mission to take samples of moon clots, but this time with equipment to detect extra-terrestrial life.

The agreements make it clear that Breakthrough will lead and pay for the mission, and have the sole authority to determine whether it will progress.

Both NASA and the European Space Agency are currently considering whether to fund their own mission to Enceladus.

NASA's role in the Breakthrough mission is to provide scientific and technical consultations, including expertise in the fields of astrobiology, planets, biology and Earth science, and planetary protection. & # 39;

Natural satellites pump organic molecules from the liquid subsurface, readings from NASA probes. Molecules are released by jet surface and hydrothermal vents (artist's impression)

Natural satellites pump organic molecules from the liquid subsurface, readings from NASA probes. Molecules are released by jet surface and hydrothermal vents (artist's impression)

Researchers previously speculated about the next generation of missions to the moon.

"This discovery is very important for the exploration of the next generation," said study co-author Dr. Christopher Glein, a researcher at the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, Texas.

& # 39; A future spacecraft can fly through a mass of Enceladus, and analyze complex organic molecules using a high-resolution mass spectrometer to help us determine how they are made.

WHO IS THE YURI MILNER?

In 2012, Milner founded The Breakthrough Prize - a set of international awards that recognized three business fields: Fundamental Physics, Life Sciences, and Mathematics

In 2012, Milner founded The Breakthrough Prize – a set of international awards that recognized three business fields: Fundamental Physics, Life Sciences, and Mathematics

A disposable physics PhD student in Moscow who left to move to the US in 1990, Milner was one of the few technology tycoons who devoted time and money to space exploration.

Yuri Milner was born to a Jewish family on November 11, 1961 in Moscow and studied theoretical physics at Moscow State University, graduating in 1985.

He began his business career selling illegal DOS computers in the Soviet Union.

When the national government collapsed, he enrolled at the Wharton School of Business to get an MBA.

His real success came when he founded the investment company Digital Sky Technologies (DST) – now called Mail.ru Group – and Global DST.

DST Global has invested in a number of major technology companies including Facebook, Spotify, Twitter and Alibaba.

In 2012, Milner founded The Breakthrough Prize – a set of international awards that recognized three business fields: Fundamental Physics, Life Sciences and Mathematics.

Laureate received $ 3 million each in prize money, making a Breakthrough Prize as the largest scientific award in the world.

Earlier this year, he collaborated with Stephen Hawking in the search for foreign life as part of & # 39; Breakthrough Initiative. & # 39;

The $ 100 million mission will see telescopes explore the one million closest stars to Earth for weak signals that are thrown into space by intelligent life outside our own world.

As part of his long-term vision, Milner believes that the internet will develop into & # 39; global brain & # 39; which will function as a type of nervous system for the Earth.

"We must be careful, but it is interesting to reflect that these findings indicate that the biological synthesis of organic molecules in Enceladus is possible."

Enceladus – 628 million miles from Earth – very cold and has ice volcanoes on the surface of the cracked crust.

Scientists have long suspected the moon could host foreign life since it was discovered underwater by the NASA Cassini probe in 2015.

The moon regularly releases clumps of water and ice particles from its global ocean through hydrothermal holes.

The research team closely studied readings from one of the clots collected by Cassini.

The instrument on the probe makes measurements in the Saturn's plume and E-ring, which is formed by ice grains that escape Enceladus's gravity.

They found that complex, carbon-rich organic molecules were removed from cracks on the surface of Enceladus's ice.

Molecules have a mass above 200 atomic mass units – more than ten times heavier than methane.

WHAT IS ENCELADUS AND MAY ALIEN HOST LIFE?

Enceladus (pictured) is Saturn's sixth largest moon, 313 miles wide (504 kilometers)

Enceladus (pictured) is Saturn's sixth largest moon, 313 miles wide (504 kilometers)

Enceladus is Saturn's sixth largest month, at a width of 313 miles (504 kilometers).

This is an ice satellite with hydrothermal activity – a rare combination – with vents spewing water vapor and ice particles out of the global ocean buried under the frozen crust of the moon.

Some worlds are thought to have an ocean of liquid water beneath their frozen shells, but only Enceladus sprays oceans into space, where spacecraft can take samples.

According to NASA observations, the plume includes organic compounds, volatile gases, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, salt, and silica.

Microbes on our planet produce these compounds or use them for growth, causing some to speculate that small organisms living in the sea are hidden Enceladus.

This means that while Enceladus might look & # 39; unfriendly & # 39; like other Saturn moons, it is a prime candidate in our search for alien life.

Scientists think chemical reactions between lunar rock nuclei and warm water from the subsurface sea are linked to these complex molecules.

"Complex organic molecules do not always provide a habitable environment, but on the other hand they are necessary precursors for life," Dr. Frank Postberg of the University of Heidelberg, who led the study, told The Independent.

"It was previously unknown whether complex organic chemistry occurred on Enceladus – and now we know."

Liquid water, hydrogen gas, and simple organic molecules – all the main ingredients for life – were discovered in the previous month.

Scientists have long suspected that Enceladus might have hosted alien life since the Cassini Nasa investigation found that the ice body had an undersea ocean in 2015. This artist's impression depicts a sailing ship that sails through one of Enceladus's hydrothermal blobs.

Scientists have long suspected that Enceladus might have hosted alien life since the Cassini Nasa investigation found that the ice body had an undersea ocean in 2015. This artist's impression depicts a sailing ship that sails through one of Enceladus's hydrothermal blobs.

The researchers said the results could direct the search for the future of extraterrestrial life because organic molecules might be precursors to alien microbes. This shows that the underground ocean (artist's impression) is the main target for the future search for extraterrestrial life

The researchers said the results could direct the search for the future of extraterrestrial life because organic molecules might be precursors to alien microbes. This shows that the underground ocean (artist's impression) is the main target for the future search for extraterrestrial life

But the discovery of complex organic molecules, the precursors of simple microbial evolution, means that the moon now has everything needed to grow life.

"We are, once again, fascinated by Enceladus," said Dr. Glein.

"Previously we only identified the simplest organic molecules that contain several carbon atoms, but even that is very interesting."

& # 39; With complex organic molecules originating from the oceans of liquid water, this moon is the only body other than Earth that is known to simultaneously fulfill all the basic requirements for life as we know it. & # 39;

During the flyby near Cassini from Enceladus in October 2015, the probe detected a hydrogen molecule as a spacecraft flying through a plume.

The moon regularly releases clumps of water and ice particles from its global ocean through hydrothermal holes. The research team closely studied readings from one of these lumps collected by Cassini (artist's impression)

The moon regularly releases clumps of water and ice particles from its global ocean through hydrothermal holes. The research team closely studied readings from one of these lumps collected by Cassini (artist's impression)

Flybys previously provided evidence for the global subsurface sea above the rocky core.

The hydrogen molecule in the plume is thought to be formed by the geochemical interactions between water and rocks in the hydrothermal environment.

& # 39; Hydrogen provides a chemical energy source that supports microbes that live in the Earth's oceans near hydrothermal holes, & # 39; said study co-author Dr. Hunter Waite.

& # 39; After you identify potential food sources for microbes, the next question to ask is & # 39; what are the complex organic properties in the ocean? & # 39;

& # 39; This paper is the first step in that understanding – the complexity in organic chemistry is beyond our expectations! & # 39;

Complete findings from the study were published in the journal Nature.


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