"The only thing we can do is adapt and mitigate further global warming – it's too late to have no effect," Bevis said. "This will lead to a further rise in the sea level, and we see that the ice sheet has failed."
Greenland's ice has historically melted in cycles due to natural weather phenomena, but the rise in temperatures has exacerbated the trend, Bevis said.
"These vibrations happen forever," he said. "Why are you just now causing this massive meltdown?" Because the atmosphere is basically warmer.
But the Bevis team survey differs from Greenland's previous research as it focuses on the southwestern Greenland, which does not have many glaciers, according to a press release from Ohio.
Researchers studying sea level rise often focus on the southeastern and northwestern Greenland regions, where large glaciers are seeing seeing large icebergs breaking apart and flowing into the Atlantic Ocean. These pieces then melt and cause a rise in sea levels.
Bevis and his co-authors found that by 2012 the rate of ice loss had accelerated to almost four times that of 2003. They also found that this acceleration had largely occurred in the southwest of Greenland .
"We knew we had a big problem with increasing the cost of ice from some large glaciers at the exit," Bevis said. "But now we recognize a second serious problem: more and more large amounts of ice will leave like melted water, like rivers that flow into the sea."