Sunday , July 25 2021

The universe expands faster than we thought



View of the Big Magellan cloud ground telescope, a neighboring galaxy on our Milky Way. The insertion is done by the Hubble Space Telescope and shows one of the star clusters in the galaxy.

One of the brightest planetary nebulae in the sky and first discovered in 1878, the nebula NGC 7027 can be seen on the Lebed constellation.

The Garth asteroid is seen with the NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope showing two narrow, comet-like tails of debris that tell us that the asteroid is slowly self-destructing. The bright strips around the asteroid are background stars. The Gault asteroid is located 214 million miles from the Sun, between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.

The ghostly envelope in this image is supernova, and the gleaming path that leads from it is a pulsar.

Hidden in one of the darkest corners of the Orion constellation, this cosmic bat spreads its muddy wings through the interstellar space, two thousand light-years away. It is illuminated by the young stars huddled in its core – though wrapped in opaque clouds of dust, their bright rays still illuminate the nebula.

In this illustration, several rings of dust go around the sun. These rings are formed when the gravitations of the planets raise dust grains in orbit around the sun. Recently, scientists have discovered a ring of dust in the orbit of Mercury. Others suggest that the source of Venus dust ring is a group of previously discovered co-ordinate asteroids.

This is the impression of the artist of globular star clusters surrounding the Milky Way.

An artist's impression of the life of a planet in orbit around a binary star, visible as two suns in the sky.

Illustration of one of the most remote objects of the solar system observed so far, 2018 VG18 – also known as Farout. The pink hue suggests the presence of ice. We still have no idea what FarFarOut looks like.

This is the artist's concept of the tiny moon hippocampus discovered by the Hubble Space Telescope. Just 20 miles away, it could actually be a broken fragment of a much larger neighboring moon, Proteus, seen as a background crescent.

In this illustration, an asteroid (bottom left) decomposes under the powerful gravity of LSPM J0207 + 3331, the oldest, coldest white dwarf known to be surrounded by a dusty debris ring. Scientists believe that the infrared signal of the system is best explained with two distinct rings composed of dust supplied by disintegrating asteroids.

Artist's impression of the distorted and distorted disc with the Milky Way. This happens when the rotating forces of the massive center of the galaxy lift the outer disk.

It is believed that this 1.3 kilometer object of the Kuiper Belt belt discovered by the researchers at the edge of the Solar System is a step between the dust and ice balls and the fully-formed planets.

Kelves, shot by NASA's Curiosity Mars Courage by Vera Rubin Ridge, before moving to a new location.

The Hubble Space Telescope has discovered that a dwarf galaxy is hiding behind a big star cluster that is in our space neighborhood. It is so old and virgin that the researchers have called it a "living fossil" from the early universe.

How do massive black holes form in the early universe? The rotating gaseous disk of this halo of dark matter falls into three groups that collapse under its own gravity to form super-massive stars. These stars will quickly collapse and form massive black holes.

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has captured this image of the Big Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy to our own Milky Way Galaxy. Now astrophysicists believe that it may collide with our galaxy for two billion years.

The mysterious bright object in the sky, called the Cow, was captured in real-time with telescopes around the world. Astronomers believe that this could be the birth of a black hole or a neutron star or a new class of objects.

An illustration shows the discovery of repetitive fast radio broadcasting from a mysterious source of 3 billion light-years from Earth.

Comet 46P / Wirtanen will pass within 7 million miles of Earth on Dec. 16. The ghostly green coma is the size of Jupiter, although the comet itself is about three quarters of a mile in diameter.

This mosaic image of the Bennu asteroid is made up of 12 PolyCam images collected on December 2 from the 15-mile OSIRIS-REx spacecraft.

This image of a ball of star stars from the Hubble Space Telescope is one of the oldest collections of famous stars. The cluster, called NGC 6752, is more than 10 billion years old.

Image of Apep, shot with the VISIR camera of the very large telescope of the European Southern Observatory. This star system with a "spinner" is most likely to be ending with a long-lasting gamma ray burst.

The impression of the artist of galaxy Abel 2597 showing the supermassive black hole pushing the cold molecular gas like the pump of a gigantic intergalactic fountain.

The image of the group of wild ducks, where each star is about 250 million years old.

These images reveal the final stage of unification between pairs of galactic nuclei in the disintegrated nuclei of collapsing galaxies.

Radio image of hydrogen gas in the Little Magellanic Cloud. Astronomers believe the dwarf galaxy is slowly dying and eventually consumed by the Milky Way.

Further evidence of a supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way galaxy has been found. This visualization uses data from simulations of orbital gas movements that rotate about 30% of the speed of light circular orbit around the black hole.

Does that look like a bat? This giant shadow comes from a bright star that reflects around the dusty disk that surrounds it.

Hey, Bennu! NASA mission OSIRIS-REx, on its way to meet the primitive asteroid Bennou, sends images as it approached its December 3 target.

These three panels reveal a supernova before, during and after that, which happened 920 million light years from Earth (left to right). The supernova, called iPTF14gqr, is unusual because, although the star is massive, its explosion is fast and weak. Researchers believe that this is due to a companion star that sucks its mass.

This is an artist's illustration of what a Neptune-sized moon will look like orbit around the gas giant Kepler-1625b exoplanet in the star system of 8,000 light-years from Earth. This may be the first open exo.

Illustration of a Planet X artist who can shape the orbits of smaller, extremely remote external solar systems like the 2015 TG387.

This is the artist's concept of how SIMP can look J01365663 + 0933473. It has 12.7 times the mass of Jupiter but a magnetic field 200 times more powerful than Jupiter. This object is 20 light-years from the Earth. The border is between a planet or a brown dwarf.

The Andromeda galaxy has torn and crushed once the great M32p galaxy, leaving behind this compact remnant of the galaxy known as M32. It is completely unique and contains a wealth of young stars.

About 12 new moons were discovered around Jupiter. This graph shows different moon groups and their orbits, the newly discovered are shown in bold.

Scientists and observatories around the world have been able to track high-energy neutrinos to a galaxy with a super-swift, swirling black hole in the center known as a blusher. The galaxy sits on the left side of Orion's shoulder in the constellation and is about 4 billion light-years from the Earth.

Oumoumuna, the first observed interstellar visitor to our solar system, is shown in the artist's illustration.

Planets do not appear only in thin air – but they require gas, dust and other processes that are not fully understood by astronomers. This is the artist's impression of how the "baby" planets look like around a young star.

These negative images of the 2015 BZ509, which is surrounded by yellow, show the first famous interstellar object that has become a permanent part of our solar system. The exo-steroid was probably pulled into our solar system by another stellar system 4,5 billion years ago. He then settled into a retrograde orbit around Jupiter.

A close look at the meteorite diamond matrix that landed in Sudan in 2008. This is considered to be the first evidence of the proto-planet that has helped to form the Earth's planets in our solar system.

2004 EW95 is the first carbon-rich asteroid to confirm its existence in the Kaiper belt and a relic of the primary solar system. This curious object was probably formed in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter before it was thrown billions of miles to its current home in the Keiper belt.

NASA / ESA's Hubble Space Telescope celebrates its 28th anniversary in space with this stunning and colorful 4000-light-years of lagune nebula image of the Earth. While the entire nebula is 55 light-years, this image reveals only a portion of about four light-years.

This is a more starved view of the lagoon nebula using Hubble's infrared capabilities. The reason you can see more stars is that infrared rays can cut clouds of dust and gas to reveal the abundance of the two young stars in the nebula as well as the distant stars in the background.

The Rosetta Nebula is 5000 light-years from the Earth. The distinctive nebula, which some claim to be more like a skull, has a hole in the middle that creates the illusion of its pink shape.

KIC 8462852, also known as the Boyadjian star or Tabi's star, is 1,000 light-years away from us. This is 50% bigger than our sun and 1000 degrees hotter. And it does not behave like any other star, it darkens and does not illuminate sporadically. The dust around the star, depicted here as an illustration of the artist, may be the most likely cause of his strange behavior.

This internal slope of a Martian crater has several seasonal dark stripes called recurrent slope lineae, or RSL, which the November 2017 report interprets as granular streams rather than darkening due to running water. The image is from NASA's HiRISE Camera Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

The impression of this artist shows an explosion of supernova, which contains the illumination of 100 million suns. Supernova iPTF14hls, which has exploded many times, may be the most massive and the longest.

This illustration shows hydrocarbon compounds that are split into carbon and hydrogen in ice giants such as Neptune, turning into a "diamond shower".

This striking image is the star room in Orion nebula where stars are born. The red thread is a stretch of ammonia molecules with a length of 50 light-years. The blue is the gas of the Orion nebula. This image is an integral part of the observations of the telescope Robert S. Bird Green Bank and NASA's wide-infrared research telescope. "We still do not understand in detail how the large gas cloud in our galaxy collapses to form new stars," says Rachel Frisen, one of the major collaborators. "But ammonia is an excellent trace of dense, star-forming gases.

That's what the Earth and its moon look like on Mars. The image is a composition of the best image of the Earth and the best moon image taken on November 20, 2016 by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The orbit camera shoots images in three wavelengths: infrared, red and blue-green. Mars was about 127 million miles from Earth when the images were made.

Originally, PGC 1000714 was considered a general elliptical galaxy, but more careful analysis revealed an incredibly rare discovery of the Hoag galaxy. It has a circular core surrounded by two separate rings.

NASA's Cassany Spacecraft took these images of the mysterious hexagon on the planet in December 2016. The hexagon was found in pictures taken by the Voyager spacecraft in the early 1980s. It is believed to have a diameter wider than two Earths.

Dead Star gives a green radiance to the Hubble Space Telescope image of the Cancer nebula, about 6,500 light-years from the Earth in the Taurus constellation. Nasa released the Halloween image 2016 and played the theme in her press release. The agency said that "the object that looks sophisticated still has a heartbeat." At the center of the Raccoon nebula is the broken core or the "heart" of a blown star. The heart rotates 30 times per second and produces a magnetic field that generates 1 trillion volts.

Looking through the dense dust clouds of the galactic spike, an international team of astronomers unveiled the unusual mix of stars in the star cluster known as Terzan 5. The new results show that Terzan 5 is one of the primary building blocks of the protrusion, the early days of the Milky Way.

Artist Concept for Planet Nine, which will be the farthest planet in our solar system. Similar cluster orbits of extreme objects on the edge of our solar system suggest that there is a massive planet.

Illustration of the orbits of the new and previously known remote objects of the Solar System. The grouping of most of their orbits shows that they are likely to be influenced by something massive and very distant, the proposed Planet X.

Say hello to the dark galaxy Dragonfly 44. Like our Milky Way, it has a halo of spherical clusters of stars around its core.

A classic new appears when the white dwarf star acquires matter from its secondary star (red dwarf) for a certain period of time, causing a thermonuclear reaction on the surface that eventually explodes in a visible outburst. This creates a 10,000-fold increase in brightness depicted here in the rendering of the artist.

The gravitational lenses and the distortion of space are seen in this image of nearby and distant galaxies captured by Hubble.

At the center of our Milky Way galaxy, the researchers found an X-shaped structure in a tightly packed group of stars.

Get to know UGC 1382: What astronomers have considered a normal elliptical galaxy (left) is actually revealed as a massive disk galaxy composed of different parts when viewed with ultraviolet and deep optical data (center and right). In complete reversal of the normal structure of the galaxy, the center is younger than the outer spiral disk.

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope takes this image of the Nebula Cancer and its "beating heart," a neutron star to the right of the two bright stars at the center of this image. The neutron star impulses 30 times per second. Rainbow colors are visible due to the movement of the materials in the nebula that occur during the expiration of the image.

The Hubble Space Telescope has captured an image of a hidden galaxy that is weaker than Andromeda or the Milky Way. This low-luminous galaxy, called the UGC 477, is more than 110 million light-years away in the constellation of Pisces.

On April 19, NASA released new photos of Ceara's bright craters. This photo shows the crater Haulani, who has evidence of landslide from the edge. Scientists believe that some craters on the dwarf are bright because they are relatively new.

This illustration shows the millions of NASA powder grains taken from the Cassini spacecraft near Saturn. It seems that several dozen of them have come beyond our solar system.

This image from the VLT Survey Telescope at the ESO Paranal Observatory in Chile shows a stunning concentration of galaxies known as the Fornax Cluster that can be found in the southern hemisphere. At the center of this cluster, in the middle of the three bright spots on the left side of the image, lies a cD-galactic – galactic cannibal that has grown in size by consuming smaller galaxies.

This image shows the central region of the Tarantula nebula in the Big Magellanic Cloud. Young and dense star clusters R136 containing hundreds of massive stars are visible in the lower-right corner of the image taken from the Hubble Space Telescope.

In March 2016, astronomers published paper about powerful red waves coming from the B404 Cygni binary system in 2015. This illustration shows a black hole similar to the V404 Cygni absorbing material from an orbital star.

This image shows the elliptical galaxy NGC 4889, deeply embedded in the galaxy's comma. At the center of the galaxy there is a huge supermassive black hole.

The artist's impression of 2MASS J2126, which takes 900,000 years to move around his star, at 1 trillion kilometers.

Researchers at the California Institute of Technology have found evidence of the existence of a giant planet tracking a strange, heavily prolonged orbit in the outer solar system. Обектът, наречен Планета Девет, има маса около 10 пъти по-голяма от тази на Земята и около 20 пъти по-далеч от Слънцето, отколкото Нептун.

Впечатлението на художника за това как може да изглежда черна дупка. През февруари изследователи в Китай заявиха, че са забелязали супер-масивна черна дупка с размер 12 милиарда пъти по-голяма от слънцето.

Има ли океани на някоя от луните на Юпитер? Сондът сок, показан в впечатлението на този художник, има за цел да разбере. Картина с любезност от ESA / AOES

Астрономите са открили мощни сияния на кафяво джудже, което е на 20 светлинни години. Това е концепцията на художника за явлението.

Венера, дъното и Юпитер блестят ярко над Матюс, Северна Каролина, в понеделник, 29 юни. Видимата близка среща, наречена конюнкция, придаваше ослепителен изглед на лятното небе. Въпреки че двете планети изглеждат близки заедно, в действителност те са милиони мили една от друга.

Ледената луна на Юпитер Европа може да бъде най-доброто място в Слънчевата система да търси извънземния живот, според НАСА. Луната е с размерите на земната луна и има доказателства, че тя има океан под замръзналата си кора, която може да задържа два пъти повече вода от Земята. Бюджетът на НАСА за 2016 г. включва искане за 30 милиона долара за планиране на мисия за разследване на Европа. Изображението по-горе е взето от космическия кораб "Галилео" на 25 ноември 1999 г. Това е 12-кадрова мозайка и се счита за най-добрия образ на страната на Европа, която е изправена пред Юпитер.

Тази мъглявина, или облак от газ и прах, се нарича RCW 34 или Gum 19. Най-ярките области, които можете да видите, са местата, където газът се нагрява от млади звезди. В крайна сметка газът избухна навън като шампанско, след като бутилката се отвори. Учените наричат ​​това поток от шампанско. Този нов образ на мъглявината е заловен от Много големия телескоп на Европейската космическа организация в Чили. RCW 34 се намира в съзвездието Вела в южното небе. Името означава "платна на кораб" на латински.

Космическият телескоп "Хъбъл" заснема изображенията на трите велики луни на Юпитер – Йо, Калисто и Европа – минаващи едновременно.

Използвайки мощна оптика, астрономите са открили подобно на планета тяло, J1407b, с пръстени 200 пъти по-големи от Сатурн. Това е изображение на художника на пръстените на планетата J1407b, които засенчват звезда.

Пач от звезди изглежда липсва в този образ от обсерваторията Ла Сила в Чили. Но звездите всъщност са все още зад облак от газ и прах, наречен Линдската тъмна мъглявина 483. Облакът е около 700 светлинни години от Земята в съзвездието Серпенс (The Serpent).

Това е най-големият образ на космическия телескоп Хъбъл, който някога е бил сглобен. Това е част от галактиката в съседство, Андромеда (М31).

НАСА е запечатала зашеметяващ нов образ на така наречените "стълбове на творението", едно от най-емблематичните открития на космическата агенция. Гигантските колони от студен газ, в малък район на мъглявината Орел, бяха популяризирани от подобен образ, направен от космическия телескоп Хъбъл през 1995 година.

Астрономите, използващи пространството Хъбъл, събраха тази картина, която показва малка част от пространството в съзвездието Южна полукълбо Форнакс. В това дълбоко космическо изображение са 10 000 галактики, които се връщат назад във времето до няколко стотин милиона години след Големия взрив.

Планетарната мъглявина Abell 33 се появява на пръстеновидно изображение на това изображение, взето с помощта на много големия телескоп на Европейската южна обсерватория. Синият балон беше създаден, когато една звезда на стареене хвърли външните си слоеве и една звезда на преден план се случи да се приведе в съответствие с нея, за да създаде ефект на "диамантен годежен пръстен".

Това изображение на Хъбъл изглежда плаващ мрамор или може би гигантско, безплътно око. Но всъщност в центъра му е мъглявина с гигантска звезда. Учените смятат, че звездата е била 20 пъти по-масивна от нашето слънце, но умира и е предназначена за свръхнова.


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