Photographed phenomena can help scientists understand how terrestrial space and weather are connected.
An astronaut from the International Space Station took a remarkable photo of October 7, which was taken from a height of about 400 kilometers in Australia, which shows our planet in orange.
Scientists from NASA explained that the orange color that surrounds the Earth is known as a shining ISO. This phenomenon is caused by chemical reactions in the planet's atmosphere, especially when certain molecules (especially nitrogen and oxygen) are energized by sunlight's ultraviolet radiation, according to the space agency's website. To release that energy, the atoms in the lower atmosphere collide with each other and lose energy in a collision, and the result is colorful light.
Beyond spectacular and colorful representations, this phenomenon can also provide scientists with other knowledge about the operation of the upper atmosphere. For example, you can throw lucs on particles moving near the interface between Earth and space, and even on how space and Earth are connected, NASA said.
Researchers have used satellites such as NASA Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) to study these dynamic zones.