The ultraviolet telescope of the Russian satellite Mikhail Lomonosov reveals in the upper layers of the Earth's atmosphere optical phenomena whose nature at that time was not clear.
The device is capable of detecting powerful "explosions" of light in the atmosphere of the Earth, he said. Mikhail Panasyuk, director of the Institute of Nuclear Physics at Moscow State University, quoted by RIA Novosti.
"It seems that these are new physical phenomena (…) we still do not know what their physical nature is," says the scientist.
He explained that at a height of several tens of miles, Lomonosov had recorded a "very strong explosion of light" several times, while there was nothing, neither clouds nor storms.
He also pointed out the presence of other light phenomena in the earth's atmosphere, and some of them are well-known. They are so-called sprites, electrical discharges that occur in the mesosphere and the thermosphere, and Elves, light emissions at the top of a cloudy cloud.
Lomonosov Satellite is designed to study cosmic rays and light phenomena in the upper atmosphere of our planet (a layer of gases that surround the Earth). It is launched in orbit in 2016 and is equipped with a space telescope that is responsible for measuring cosmic rays.
In the atmosphere of the Earth, ultraviolet rays are often exploded. Although they are connected with electrical storms, the exposed light bursts occur in the absence of storm and lightning, so the nature of these phenomena is not yet known.