Apollo 10 exploded from Cape Kennedy on May 18, 1969, just two months before the launch of Apollo 11, as part of the Apollo program leading to the moon landing. His mission? Ensure an in-depth test of all processes, but without landing itself.
The crew has successfully landed at the point where it is planned to launch a Moon descending Moon during Apollo 11 (15.6 km above the moon's surface) and broke two FAI records of the duration of the mission and the duration of the orbit in the process. ,
Apollo 10 fired from Cape Kennedy on May 18, 1969
During the mission, two FAI records were made, accredited to Commander Thomas P. Stafford:
FAI's archives include a mission report signed by all three crews, stating that "After 61 hours, 34 minutes and 38 seconds in the lunar orbit, the service-powered system was lit for injection back to earth."
Rehearsing the dress
As Commander Thomas P. Stafford explained, the mission of the Apollo 10 crew was to "repair all the unknowns and pave the way for a lunar landing," a general rehearsal before the big day.
The three-aboard crew on Apollo 10 had several purposes to test the systems and equipment for the moon landing: capturing extensive color shots on the Moon's surface and testing NASA's controllers and extensive tracking and control network. This rehearsal of the approaching orbit helped to provide more accurate information about the moon's gravitational field, which is vital for calibrating the powering guidance system needed to land the moon.
View of the Charlie Brown command module viewed from the snappy moon after separation.
Once in orbit around the moon, the lunar module, called "Snoopy," which was tested by Apollo 9, would separate from the command module ("Charlie Brown") and drop to 15 km above the moon's surface for eight hours of orbit. The youngsters stayed on the command module, after which, after a moon take-off simulation, Snoopy and Charlie Brown would finish the meeting and arrive with the younger to return to Earth.
The general rehearsal was complete with all the achieved goals. During the mission, minor issues were identified and resolved and all were addressed and removed for Apollo 11, which was already ready for the scheduled start of July 16, 1969.
"Splashing" – a parachute landing in water – happened safely on May 26, 1969, in the Pacific Ocean, east of American Samoa.
A view of the Earth rising above the moon horizon, photographed by the Apollo 10 moon
An important legacy of the mission was the colored material obtained from the Earth and the surface of the Moon. During the moon's orbit, the crew shot and captured the moon's surface, focusing on the planned landing of Apollo 11, the sea of tranquility. A total of twelve TV shows were made during the mission, demonstrating the docking process and interior of the Charlie Braun Command Module as well as 225,000 km of Earth imagery.
Cernan said, "It may sound slow, but the sight is really from this world!"
During the shooting, the crew marked the brightness of the moon as well as its "robust" appearance and even could see quite clearly inside some of the craters. Later, the crew received an Emmy Award for their high-quality TV broadcasts from the cosmos.
An image taken from Apollo 10, which shows the landing site 2 of the sea of tranquility, with an overwhelming comparison of Washington.
* Apollo 10 crew
The photo from left to right in the title image is:
- Lunar Pilot: Eugene A. Chernan (Second Space Flight)
- Commander Module Pilot: John W. Young (Third Space Flight)
- Commander: Thomas P. Stafford (Third Space Flight)
Apollo 10 was the fourth Apollo crew mission and the crew's second mission to tour the moon. Yang was a reserve commander of Apollo 13 and continued the command of Apollo 16. Chernan was a supporter of Apollo 14 and commanded Apollo 17 with Yang as a reserve. During the Apollo-Soyuz test project, Stafford commanded the American car on the fourth and final space flight.
The symbols of the peanuts Snuppy and Charlie Brown in the control room of the missionary operations.
Image Credits: NASA