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Good diet, exercise to reduce the risk of dementia: WHO

Dementia is the reduction of the cognitive function affecting many elderly people around the world. The new WHO guidelines recommend a healthy lifestyle to prevent the development of this condition. ( Sabine van Erp Pixabay )

The secret to avoiding dementia is ultimately to live as healthy as possible, according to new guidelines from the World Health Organization.

The new set of recommendations was published on Tuesday, May 14, highlighting the importance of nutrition and cognitive work.

Dementia is a growing problem around the world and many health experts expect it to worsen over the coming decades.

"In the next 30 years, the number of people with dementia is expected to tripled," said WHO Director-General Dr. Teodos Agamemnon Géburius. "The scientific evidence gathered for these Guidelines confirms what we have suspected for some time that what is good for our heart is also good for our brain."

The WHO publishes new guidelines

In new guidelines addressed to healthcare providers and public health professionals, the WHO recommends a healthy lifestyle through supplements and "shortcuts".

Among the steps recommended to reduce the risk of dementia are regular exercise, healthy eating, smoking and alcohol avoidance, weight maintenance, and maintaining healthy blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels.

While there are supplements that claim to help prevent dementia such as vitamins B and E, the WHO recommends that nutrients be obtained from food rather than supplements and pills.

"The negative recommendation that people do not use vitamins or supplements (unless they are needed for a clinical problem) is welcome," said Tom Dunning, director of the Center for Old Age and Dementia, Mental Health Institute at Nottingham University. says a CNN report.

He added that we will also hope that people do not spend too much money on these supplements.

A healthy diet can do miracles to reduce the risk of cognitive impairment, experts say, especially a Mediterranean diet that focuses on vegetable-based cooking and olive oil with just a little meat. The International Health Organization has revealed that the high level of adherence to this type of diet is associated with a reduced risk of dementia, although only moderate compliance with this regime is not very important.

For dementia

Dementia is a condition characterized by a decrease in cognitive function affecting memory, thinking, orientation and understanding, among others. This is a rapidly growing public health problem that already affects 50 million people in the world with nearly 10 million new cases per year.

In the United States deaths associated with dementia have increased more than twice over the past two decades, according to a recent CDC report.

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